Use of Mental Stress Management/Relaxation Techniques
This is a single item. If the technique described is not a cognitive symptom management technique, code as "0". Cognitive techniques include imagery, prayer, meditation, or progressive muscle relaxation. Reading, watching TV, listening to music, etc, are not considered cognitive techniques. To score the item, categorize the number of times into an ordinal scales with these categories:
This item can also be left as a continuous measure, using the actual times coded.
Tested on 1,129 subjects with chronic disease. N=51 for test-retest.
Source of Psychometric Data
Stanford Chronic Disease Self-Management Study. Psychometrics reported in: Lorig K, Stewart A, Ritter P, González V, Laurent D, & Lynch J, Outcome Measures for Health Education and other Health Care Interventions. Thousand Oaks CA: Sage Publications, 1996, p.25
Another way that you can use this scale is to separate out the use of cognitive and non-cognitive techniques that one uses. We have never used the scale in this way but it seems like a reasonable possible use. This item available in Spanish.
Lorig K, Stewart A, Ritter P, González V, Laurent D, & Lynch J, Outcome Measures for Health Education and other Health Care Interventions. Thousand Oaks CA: Sage Publications, 1996, pp.25,38.
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